WHY WE TAKE COMPASS ERROR ?

Purpose of taking compass error The compass error should be checked each watch and on every new course, so as:- to measure the error of the gyro compass, which is the angle the gyro north makes with the True north.…

Enhanced survey program

For bulk carrier and tankers above 10 years of age. Some Basic reponsibilities of Chief officer are 1) Chief officer should have access plan to the location being surveyed for enhanced survey program, which includes risk assessment for such a…

SOLAS CONVENTION FOR MASTER. Emergency Generator According to SOLAS II-1/Reg 43 A self contained emergency source of electrical power shall be provided. They shall not be located forward of collision bulkhead. It shall be sufficient to supply thatessential for safety in an emergency. For period…

UNCLOS

UNCLOS !    The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea; !    a treaty document which attempts to codify the international law of the sea; it came into force internationally on 16th November 1994. Three Unclos Conference Unclos I @ 1958,…

Carriage Of Goods by Sea Act ( COGSA 71) is the law enacted by a state, defining the basic contractual obligations,  rights, liabilities and immunities between sea carrier and cargo shippers for issuing B/L or Seaway bill , incorporating one or other of the  three sets of…

THE CARRIER    The person who carries goods and/or passengers for remuneration or reward. Kinds of carrier common carrier private carrier Common carrier    A carrier who, for hire or reward, from one terminus to another the goods of any…

Incident At Sea Distress message received Collision Grounding (or) Stranding Fire MOB Abandon ship Distress message received As per SOLAS V/Reg 33 …. Statutory obligation as Master, on received distress alert at sea Proceed with all speed, to assistance of…